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The designs of the staters of Korkyra as well as its colonies, Apollonia and Dyrrhachion, have been the subject of much numismatic speculation.
Based on the assumption that mythical Phaiakia was the island of ancient Korkyra 305-30. Corfuand knowing that Korkyrans colonized both Apollonia and Dyrrhachion, Beger and through him, Eckhel concluded that the central elements were flowers and that the overall design must represent either the layout of the garden, or the doors leading to it.
Other numismatists argued that the central elements of the design were more star-like. Rome’s doorway to Greece,” Celator [April ], pp. On the reverse pattern of the silver coins from Corcyra, Apollonia and Dyrrachium,” Celator [November ], pp. Instead, he favored a floral interpretation. He argued that this was indicated not only by their general shape, but in some particular instances by an intentional modification to make them appear more floral.
Noting a similarity between the reverse types of Korkyran staters — the model for the staters of Apollonia and Dyrrhachion — and those of other Greek city-states, most notably Miletos and Kyrene, he argued that this was due to a common religious cult between them, since he believed that Greek coin types were primarily religious in origin. Arguing that the most probable deity was Apollo, Gardner concluded that the reference was to Apollo Aristaios or Nomios, a pastoral version of that god who was worshiped among other places both at Kyrene and throughout northern Greece and was known to be the protectors of flocks cf.
Noting a passage of Thucydides 3. The archaic staters of Korkyra are the first issues to employ a cow standing right or leftsuckling its calf on the obverse.
A similar obverse design appears on the coinage of Karystos in Euboia and, according to Plutarch Quaest. Several dedications in the form of a bronze bull are attested for the Korkyrans and the island’s patron god was Apollo.
The reverse design of the archaic staters consists of a pair of incuse punches, consisting of stars BMC 1 and pl. That the symbol was a star is certain, as fractions of sr series and subsequent issues with a star on the obverse make plain. One stater BMC 10 and pl. XXI, 2puts the star design in a more abstract arrangement, becoming the precursor of the reverse design type employed in later stater issues BMC 39 and pl.
The striking lines formed by the incuse punches are retained zr the later design as lines of the frame. Thus, the staters of Apollonia, Dyrhachion, and Korkyra demonstrate a meticulous progressive recopying of an archaic coin type that continued under its colonies, and not an allusion to a possible Homeric past.
*Code of Conduct (AR 350-30)
Search Go to Lot Number. AR Stater 21mm, VF, some a, die shift on the obverse. Extremely rare variety, with only one example from this die paring in Fried Kricheldorf, 28 Maylot