Alexandre Kojève (). Introduction to the Reading of Hegel. Source: Introduction to the Reading of Hegel, Basic Books, ; the final chapter only. INTRODUCTION TO THE READING OF HEGEL LECTURES ON THE PHENOMENOLOGY OF SPIRIT ALEXANDRE KOJEVE During the years the. among contemporary left Hegelians none has been so influential as. Alexandre Kojeve, whose brilliant Introduction to the Reading of Hegel. ()’ is viewed as .

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Alexandre Kojève (1902—1968)

Added to PP index Total downloads 51of 2, Recent downloads 6 months 5of 2, How ingroduction I increase my downloads? In the immediate Self-Consciousness [i. Simone de Beauvoir’s reading of koheve book would emphasize the Master-Slave relation between men and women she saw in The Second Sex But in this risk he somehow negates the totality of these conditions, which are still the same; he negates them en masse, without modifying them, and this negation is always the same.

He must conquer— and become Master or pre- serve himself as such— or die. But in that activity of the other is also found the second aspect, namely, the activity by oneself: Hence, if he repeats his act, he repeats it in different conditions, and thus his act itself will be different.

The Slave, on the other hand, recognizes the Other the Master from kojevd beginning. For in the act of forming the thing, the negating-negativity proper of Consciousness — i.

Introduction to the Reading of Hegel

Accordingly, it is not the Fight as such, the risk of life, but Work that one day produces a ma- chine gun, and no longer an ax. Man must be an emptiness, a nothingness, which is not a pure nothingness reines Nichtsintrodkction something that is to the extent that it annihilates Being, in order to realize itself at the expense of Being and to nihilate in being.

Now, is it worth- while to risk one’s life in order to know that one is recognized by a Slave?


But to be able to cease being Slave, he must have been a Slave. And for there to be Self- Consciousness, Selbst-bewusstsein, there must be this Selbst, this specifically human thing that is revealed by man and reveals itself when man says, “I. For introruction information, visit our website at www.

There is no human existence without Consciousness or without Self -Consciousness — that is, without revelation of Rezding by Speech 38 Summary of the First Six Chapters of the Phenomenology of Spirit or without Desire that reveals and creates the I.

Desire functions as the engine of history – it is man’s pursuit in realisation of his desires that drives the struggles between men.

Full text of “KOJEVE introduction to the reading of (PDFy mirror)”

Hegel was the first of these auditor-historian-philosophers. Thus the Master’s existence can remain exclusively war- like: If man is nothing but his becoming, if his human existence in rwading is his existence in time or as time, if the revealed human reality is nothing but universal history, that history must be the history of the inter- action between Mastery and Slavery: Moreover, the experience of the fight that made him a Slave predisposes him to that act of self-overcoming, of negation of himself negation of his given I, which is a slavish I.

Perfection which is always conscious of itself can be attained only in and by work. Kojeve elaborates the meaning of this logical necessity throughout the course of the book and attempts to indicate how a sensible man could accept it and interpret the x Editor’s Introduction world in accordance with it.

Introduction to the Reading of Hegel, Lectures on the ‘Phenomenology of Spirit’

One might ask whether Kojeve is not really somewhere be- tween Hegel and Heidegger, but it should be added that Kojeve himself leads the reader to this question, which is a proper theme of philosophical reflection.

Hegeel experience perturbs the Object because of the active intervention of the Subject, who applies to the Object a method of investigation that is his own and to which nothing in the Object itself corresponds. At the moment when he lived, history was not yet completed.


This sub- structure, which supports both Religion and Philosophy, is nothing but the totality of human Actions realized during the course of universal history, that History in and by which Man has created a series of specifically human Worlds, essentially different from the natural World.

Now, the Master who involuntarily engenders the desire of revolu- tionary negation is the Master of the Slave. And that is why the Master never succeeds in going beyond the freedom that is realized in himself and the insufficiency of that freedom.

Thus his enjoyment and his satisfaction remain purely subjective: And what is, what lives, is only a Slave.

He merely destroys the products of the Slave’s work. Kojeve is the unknown Superior whose dogma is revered, often unawares, by that important subdivision of the “animal kingdom of the spirit” in the contemporary world — the progressivist intellec- tuals.

The In Place of an Introduction supreme value for an animal is its animal life. To use Hegel’s terminology, one must suppose that there is a victor who becomes the Master of the vanquished; or, if one prefers a vanquished who becomes the Slave of the victor.

Many of these works were only published posthumously. There- fore, it is sufficient for him to impose his liberty on the Master in order to attain the definitive Satisfaction that mutual Recognition gives and thus to stop the historical process. If he suc- ceeds, then, the recognition will not be mutual and reciprocal: Introduction to the Reading of Hegel con- stitutes the most authoritative interpretation of Hegel.