Knee wear test ISO /3. Normative References. ISO Implants for surgery – Wear of total knee joint prostheses. Part 1: Loading and displacement. Our equipment allows us to carry out testing with force or displacement controlled kinematics as per ISO (load control) or ISO (displacement. Purchase your copy of BS ISO as a PDF download or hard copy directly from the official BSI Shop. All BSI British Standards.

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Proc Inst Mech Eng H. Received Apr 22; Accepted Oct Loading and displacement 41243-1 for wear-testing machines with load control and corresponding environmental conditions for tests. Ido —1 is the primary standard for load-controlled simulations of wearing of knee prostheses.

Compared with the revision of ISO —3, the revision reversed the direction of AP displacement and TR angle but maintained the same magnitudes Fig 2. The loading points on the tibia and femur was offset to the medial side by a distance of 0.

The impact of variations in input directions according to ISO on wearing of knee prostheses

Finite element study on total knee prosthesis wear during stair ascent. Wear simulation of tibiofemoral joint surface of total knee prosthesis with high conformity. Please review our privacy policy. Learn more about the cookies we use and how to change your settings. Please download our video to see the simulator moving. For load control Fig 10D and 10Ethe wear contours were positioned more anteriorly or posteriorly depending on the direction of the input for AP load.

For the displacement controlled models Fig 14243-11the input curves were AP displacement, tibial rotation TR angle, flexion angle and compression loading. Implants for surgery – Wear of total knee joint prostheses Part 1: Therefore, in vitro wear testing is an important factor in the development of knee protheses and is a key requirement for regulatory clearance of such devices.


Professor Zhong-Min 144243-1 is the co-advisor. Firstly, the geometrical models and material properties were not sourced directly from the manufacturer, but instead the geometry was based on implant measurements and the material property was defined as UHMWPE Gur The loading points on the tibia and femur were offset towards the medial side by a distance of 0. However, the extent of wear varies depending on the izo features isi the tibial insert and shape of the input curves. Introduction The success of total knee arthroplasty TKA for returning knee isoo has contributed to jso widening application for treating diseases of the knee that have failed conservative treatments [ 1 ].

A number of studies [ 24 — 29 ] have investigated how varying the parameters outlined in ISO may impact the knee joint; differences in wear between load and displacement isso [ 24 — 25 ], the effect of varying the amplitude of inputs for displacement control on wear [ 26 ], the effect of anterior-posterior and internal-external motion constraints on wear [ 27 ], the impact of different activities on the wear performance [ 28 ], comparison between electromechanically- and pneumatically-controlled knee simulators [ 29 ].

For displacement control according to ISO —3, changing the direction of AP displacement had a marked influence on the wear rate Wear contour assessment As shown in Fig 6Aan electromechanically-controlled knee simulator, Prosim Prosim, Simulation Solutionswas used to perform the gait movements according to the suggested modifications to ISO —3 with a positive AP displacement tibia moves anteriorly and positive TR angle tibia rotates internally.

Please refer the support section to see the simulator moving.

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The impact of variations in input directions according to ISO 14243 on wearing of knee prostheses

Implants for surgery – Wear of total knee joint prostheses, Part 3: Tibial insert wear The wear rate, volumetric wear and maximum wear depth calculated from the FEA models are detailed in Table 2. This may lead to slight differences against data published by the original manufacturer. Before the test, the medial and lateral articular surfaces were uniformly coated with small dots using a permanent marker, which was selected as an easy to apply and non-water soluble coating material Fig 6C.


The mechanical axes described by Grood and Sunday were used [ 32 ]. Probabilistic computational modeling of total knee replacement wear. The funder is a Chinese national research funding agency which provides financial support for basic research. According to ISO [ 11 — 14 ], the TR angle is positive when the tibia rotates internally and AP displacement is considered to be positive when the tibia moves anteriorly.

A similar tendency can be seen for tibial rotation whereby the graph of TR angle plotted according to ISO —3: Journal of Medical Biomechanics.

Fig 10 shows the wear contours for all models. Worldwide Standards We can source any standard from anywhere in the world. The inputs for displacement control are anterior-posterior AP displacement and tibial rotation TR angle, and the inputs for load control are AP load and TR torque.

The frequency was set at 1 Hz and the test was performed in the air without a medium. Comparison of long-term numerical and experimental total knee replacement wear during simulated gait loading. However, the extent of this influence varies depending on 142243-1 design features of the tibial insert and the input parameters.

Overall, the wear contours from the modified ISO —3 and modified ISO —1 were found to be more consistent than the other models.